What we teach – Karate
Karate (meaning empty-hand) is a traditional Japanese Martial Art requiring discipline in mind and body. For ages 4 and up.
SAMA specialises in teaching children in before-school and a fter-school classes. There are also weekend and evening classes available for both children and adults.
Beginners Guide (THE WHITE BELT)
Beginners are welcome to turn up at any class to try Karate, though some restrictions may apply at before-school and after-school classes – so check our locations page for details. Arrive 10 minutes or so before your first lesson so the instructor can talk to you about what you can expect from the lesson, and what is expected of you.
We recommend students attend four or five classes before making a final decision on whether to join up. Once joined up the student will need a white martial arts suit or ‘Gi’. SAMA supply a good quality suit with white belt for around £22 but students are welcome to buy elsewhere.
Your local SAMA Karate Instructor will be able to advise on suit size and may have suits available for students to try. Note that suit sizes and cuts vary between manufacturers.
What happens in a typical class?
Over the following weeks, students will begin to understand the rhythm of the class. There is always a warm-up to get the mind and body ready for action. This is followed by Kihon (often called the up’s and down’s) for the remainder of the first half of the class. This is the practicing of single and combination moves individually or in pairs up and down the dojo (training hall).
The second half of the class will normally begin with Kata. A Kata is a series of moves which a student must reproduce as part of their grading and is different for each grade. The first Kata a student must learn is a sequence of about 10 moves.
Katas increase in length and complexity for each belt with some high grade Katas having more than 75 moves. High grade belts also need to perform multiple Katas for their grading.
After Kata practice students may practice techniques under supervision on focus mitts or a kick shield held by the instructor. Some classes may pair students up with focus mitts, some classes may perform Kumite (sparring). Kumite is at the discretion of the instructor and will depend on the class.
It is normally only done by high grades or willing participants and will always be discussed with parents beforehand.
Senior grades work with weapons under strict supervision as they prepare for their weapons Katas.
The class is completed with some stamina exercises. This may be a straightforward ’10 of everything’ or a rolling stamina exercise routine lasting several minutes. The class will usually then conclude with a short game to bring the lesson to a close.
For Kids Only
As kids learn parts of the syllabus for their grade they are rewarded with black stripes on their belt. Three black stripes indicates that a student knows their syllabus and is ready to grade. This becomes a very visible indication of a student’s progress and encourages the kids to maintain their training, concentrate on learning and that they are recognised for good behaviour in class. Stripes may often be removed if a students shows bad behaviour or attitude.
Syllabus and Progression
SAMA has adopted the westernised methodology of using coloured belts to show progression towards Black Belt. By successfully completing a grading the student receives a new belt. Grading for low and middle grades may be as often as every 2-3 months though this is dependent on student attitude, aptitude and application. As the syllabus becomes more complex, the frequency will decrease and it may be between 6 months to 1 year between grading.
Middle / Intermediate Grade Students
Green belt through to 2nd Blue belt sees the introduction of more complex combination moves and longer Katas. These will challenge the strength, agility, balance, memory and concentration of the Karate student.
By the end of the middle grades, students are expected to be able to distinguish and demonstrate accurately the stances and strikes in both Kihon and Kata.
The first weapon is introduced at 2nd blue belt: the Nunchaku.
Children use a safer, padded version of the weapon for training. The use of weapons as part of the Karate syllabus is designed to improve student hand-eye co-ordination, hand speed, agility and mental concentration. More advanced weapons training occurs on Black Belt.
The student will be made aware of basic Karate Dojo etiquette and will be expected to use it appropriately from 2nd Blue belt onwards.
As students progress they may want to wear SAMA branded clothing and accessories – Fleeces, Hooded Sweatshirts and Polo Shirts. Some of these can be embroidered with the Student’s name or nickname. http://hpembroidery.co.uk
A red stripe on a belt indicates that a student is theoretically due to grade though this is only as a reminder to the instructor and does not mean a student will grade at the next opportunity.
High / Advanced Grade Students
From brown belt onwards the syllabus expands and students will learn multiple Katas for each grading, including Escrema Sticks and Jo Staff weapons Katas. Students will develop an understanding of the native Japanese names for Karate.
Students are expected to understand and follow all Dojo etiquette and display appropriate respect to peers and senior grades.
High grades should be a model for lower grades and behave accordingly. Failure to do so will be noticed and appropriate penalties applied.
From 1st Kyu (Red/White & Blue) belt – the final grade before Black Belt – students will review the whole Karate syllabus learned so far.
This includes every combination and Kata learned since White Belt plus 1st Kyu specific Katas plus pairs including knife defence. These must be recognisable by the student in Japanese as the Black Belt grading combinations are announced in Japanese. The Black Belt grading can take up to 2 hours to complete.
In order to learn and retain the breadth of knowledge for this grade it is strongly recommended that students attend at least 2 classes a week, including a high-grade only class where available.
Black Belt and Careers.
Becoming a Black Belt in Karate is only the beginning.
Training and achieving the Black Belt is often described as shaping the weapon. From black belt you are instructed on how to use the weapon.
Students are invited to attend a Black Belt only class (where available) to explore the Black Belt syllabus and discover their particular interests and aptitudes.
Students are encouraged to continue attending their normal class as a teaching assistant, beginning the journey from student to teacher under the close supervision of a qualified SAMA instructor.
This will cement their knowledge of the Karate syllabus and help determine whether they have both the attributes and a desire to become a Karate instructor. This can be both a very rewarding experience for a Black Belt and a very positive extra-curricular activity when seen on a student’s CV.